This week at Magnetic Maharashtra—the investor road-show of Maharashtra, there was a panel-discussion wherein participants from the government and industry discussed the initiatives being taken and further ideas to improve India’s export growth. Export drives economic growth, along with consumption and investment. According to IMF data, the average growth rate of India’s export from 2012 to 2016 was 3%. Most large emerging economies fared better, and so consumption remained India’s main growth-driver. However, IMF expects this average growth-rate to improve to 8% from 2017 to 2021, making India one of the fastest-growing economies amongst its large peers. In fact, the years 2016 and 2017 have already seen an uptick in growth. So what is India doing that is yielding these results or what can it do further to realise its long-term expectations? Below are some inputs from the panel.
Taking information-dissemination up to the district levels
A challenge for export-industries, especially MSME players, had been the lack of information. The central government prioritised this in recent years by putting all relevant information in the public domain. It launched a trade-analytics portal that shares data about products and volumes. It is conducting workshops to disseminate information about the government’s schemes like foreign trade partnerships and promotions so that even smaller exporters can become aware and participate. It is disseminating the information right up to the district industrial centres. Its foreign trade strategy documents are available publicly. These initiatives would also help close the lack of knowledge in standardisation and quality control. States are advocated to set up state export promotion agencies now so that they can craft a more customised strategy and disseminate information to a more micro-level.
Market-based, not just supply-based export promotion
In line with understanding customer needs and delivering accordingly, there is a shift towards demand-based export. India’s recent outreach to assist African countries has been more on the soft-development sectors like healthcare, education, and so on, where Africa needs critical help. This can open up opportunities for exporters in those fields. It is also looking at global value-chains to identify sweet-spots where Indian products can fit, apart from identifying any value-addition its existing products may need so that they do not become irrelevant in the fast-changing marketplace. Adding new products to the export basket, along with finalising its technical standards, understanding its major markets and conducting SWOT analysis on competing nations, can help ramp up exports further. Lastly, given our population and the focus on skill-training, export of its skilled talent to deprived regions can itself be an opportunity.
Streamlining the infrastructure and logistic aspects
GST reduced logistical issues in inter-state movements, and initiatives like Delhi-Mumbai corridor would further reduce end-to-end transport duration. With consumption migrating online, an e-business platform focusing on the MSME exporters could add value. Current online shopping platforms offer that but need to ramp up further. It needs to re-draft export forms that require final buyer name, often difficult in e-business since the goods go to a central warehouse rather than the end-buyer directly and avoid excise on products that are returned back. India also needs showcase-infrastructure like convention centres. These centres would help conduct sector-specific road-shows thus opening up exports to more prospective buyers. A note is already included in the government’s documentation for a gem and jewellery convention centre, a sector that currently comprises the highest share of India’s export of goods, at 15%. The ability to move from protectionism-style labour laws to fixed-term contract labour could help make smaller exports more competitive and dynamic.
There is a need to go back to the drawing board and identify specific products for specific markets, where India has the competency to deliver. Agriculture export is an example. With several countries in the Middle East being food importers and India focusing to improve its agriculture productivity, there is an opportunity for India to offer competitive and quality products to the Middle East markets who currently import food from Europe, Africa, among others.
Closing the skill gap
There cannot be any gap between skill-supply and what the industry demands. However, skilling and capability-building is a key challenge, especially since wage-arbitrage is fast eroding as a competitive advantage. While the NSDC has been working towards skill-training in specific fields; the shift towards demand-based export would further determine which new skills are needed. Apart from skilling, exporters may also need R&D support in specific areas of capability-building, especially for the smaller exporters who do not have easy access to know-how.
India has already implemented some of these initiatives and the effects are visible in the export growth-numbers of recent years. If it can implement further ideas for improvement, it can even realize the long-term expectations in growth!
Image Courtesy: Pixabay
Originally published here – https://qrius.com/highlights-magnetic-maharashtra-5-ways-india-improve-export-growth/